Gaël Kakuta – The brightest of young stars that never truly shone.

According to the old saying, ‘there’s many a slip twixt cup and lip’ and simply transferring liquid from a vessel to your mouth can be more prone to errors than we may think. Those sorts of potential complications are like nought though, when comparing it to the perils inherent in converting an outstanding young footballer into a mature professional who delivers on the talent promised.

Even for a player described by a highly experienced scout as the “most gifted player of his generation” as a 16 year-old, displaying outrageous ability and a talent surely destined for greatness, things don’t always work out. Even a player who turned out for his country’s age-defined teams all the way through the system from U16 up to U21, wearing his national colours on 73 occasions and scoring 23 goals, can promise so much, and yet somehow fail to deliver. Even a player whose audacious ability leads a top Premier League club to risk fines and transfer bans to bring such a precocious commodity on board, can repay such commitment with disappointment and disillusion. Each of those three descriptions could apply to any number of young players, but perhaps all three, together, only point to one lost talent, one protégé that fell short, a player whose career saw the fabled Alchemists Stone working in reverse, as gold turned to base metal, Gaël Kakuta.

Football was in the genes of the young Gaël Kakuta. His desire to play was first kindled when, as a seven-year-old in Lille, he watched his uncle play for LOSC’s reserve team. The uncle would never to progress far with the les Douges, but the moment was enough to inspire the young boy. It was a dream that began to take shape as he joined local club US Lille-Moulins. As a seven year-old though, his first game was nothing short of disastrous, a 17-1 defeat being the sort of traumatic experience enough to dissuade any aspiring player that there was perhaps more enjoyable things to spend his time and effort on. As things transpired though, it was a case of getting the low points out off the way as early as possible.

A couple of years later, after developing the talents that would later seduce the minds of watching scouts, he would sign youth terms with Lens. Although not his local team, the Sang et Or were only 29km or so from his home, near enough for a nine-year-old not to feel totally lost. The travelling and separation form home certainly seemed to do the youngster no harm, and he would stay at the Stade Bollaert-Delelis until he was sixteen, when his career would take a controversial turn .

Such was his progression that, in 2004, he was invited to train at the prestigious Centre de Préformation de Football in Liévin. It was a centre dedicated to developing the best talent in the region, with a view to ensuring good coaching and player advancement. For two years, Kakuta would train at there during the week, and play for Lens at the weekend. Although it sounded like an exhausting prospect, the youngster thrived on the workload and soon reports and rumours began to circulate around French footballing circles about the prodigious talent on Lens’s books,

It’s of little surprise to anyone these days that most Premier League clubs have a network of scouts scouring the continent for young talent. Capturing a player with great potential can often be  achieved at a snip of a price that would be demanded when his full talent had blossomed. For good or ill, Chelsea had a reputation for hoovering up as much talent as they could catch in their dragnet trawling across the academies and training centres of European football. Often throwing the less promising back into the pond, even after nurturing them for a few years, seemed to pay dividends when they landed the two or three big fish that would either make the first team – unusually – or more likely bring in loan fees before a sale to another club. It was this network that first alerted English football to the potential of Gaël Kakuta.

At the time, the Stamford Bridge club’s scout in France was Guy Hillion. After stints with FC Nantes, Bordeaux, and Rennes, Hillion had developed a finely tuned understanding of the French football scene, especially with regard to the younger talents bubbling away in clubs’ youth teams. He joined the Blues in 2006, becoming part of Frank Arnesen’s structure dedicated to identifying potential transfer targets. The following year he went to the club singing the praises of a young 16 year-old talent, describing him as “the most gifted player of his generation.” It was a bold claim, but having watched Kakuta play a number of times, Hillion was convinced that using the phrase was not mere hubris. He convinced the club’s hierarchy to move quickly, before someone else beat them to the prize.

At the time, Chelsea had become this strutting newcomer on the scene, a gatecrasher into the elite group of clubs that had both the money and the players to compete with the best. As such their approach to Lens to take Kakuta across the channel was, reports suggest, more bullying bluster than gentle persuasion. One account relates Lens general manager as being told, despite his reluctance to lose the player, to “take the money and shut up.” Whether that relates to reality, or is merely a convenient cover story that served its purpose in legal circles later is unclear.

Whatever the truth of the matter, Kakuta eventually moved to England without an agreement between the clubs. Clearly feeling they had been wronged, Lens sought redress, and after an investigation, Fifa ruled in their favour. Despite comments from the the later-to-be disgraced presidents of FIFA and UEFA, Sepp Blatter and Michel Platini, using such emotive and clearly inappropriate terms as “child slavery” and “child trafficking,” two things became clear. Firstly that Kakuta, rather than being some hapless victim in the situation had been keen on the move, and secondly that the whole issue, inevitably, was about money.

In September 2009, FIFA’s Dispute Resolution Chamber announced their verdict. The sanctions imposed seemed almost designed to produce a response from the west London club. Firstly, the player was banned from playing for his new club for four months and fined the exorbitant amount for a 16-year-old of €780,000. Chelsea were docked €130,000, the amount being payable to Lens as compensation for inducing the player to break his contract with the club. They were also barred from signing any players for the next two transfer windows.

Chelsea declared their intention to “mount the strongest appeal possible” and took their case to the Court for Arbitration in Sport, appearing confident of their ground. It was not misplaced. After examining the evidence, the court adjudicated that Kakuta did not have a valid contract with Lens, and therefore could not be in breach of it. The court made the inevitable decision that sanctions on both the player and club should be lifted, and the transfer ban was suspended, to be finally lifted in September 2010. It seemed like the French club had lost out due to some technical negligence in their paperwork, but a reported payment of £2.6 million was paid to them by Chelsea, and any resentment held quickly dissipated. Lens had eventually taken the money. Gaël Kakuta was officially free to start displaying his talents in Chelsea blue, and proving to the world, that Guy Hillion had been correct.

Perhaps sensibly and with an eye to keeping the young star’s feet on the ground, Kakuta was placed in Chelsea’s youth team initially. Before long though, he found his way into the reserves. In his debut at that level, he played alongside Michael Ballack who was on his way back from injury. The youngster’s exuberant skill and application clearly impressed the seasoned German. After the game he advised journalists to, “Go see the French lad, he is the star.”

If, in later times, a less than total application to the necessary building blocks of a career was to be levelled against Kakuta, this wasn’t the case in his early years at Stamford Bridge. His first season with the club saw him recognised as ‘Academy Scholar of the Year’ and ‘Academy Player of the Year.’ He was also the youth team’s top marksman, netting a dozen goals in just 24 games from midfield. It was the sort of return a striker would have been proud of, let alone a creative midfielder.

Although still restricted to playing with the reserve team, in 2008-09, Chelsea marked his card for an early potential promotion to the first team squad, when he was invited to train with the club’s elite players. It had been a headlong dash of success and progress, but it would hit a roadblock in February 2009. Competing in a reserve team game against former Blues’ manager Glenn Hoddle’s Academy team, the youngster sustained a double fracture of the ankle. It meant six months out of action, and was the first time that any significant event had stalled his progress in any meaningful way. It would be a test of both physical ability and temperament for a young man a long way from home.

After recovery and recuperation had been completed, it seemed that Kakuta had jumped back on the bike and was pedalling away furiously to make up time. His form prompted the then manager, Carlo Ancelotti to add the now recovered youngster to his Champions League squad in September 2009. A couple of months later, Kakuta made his Premier League debut with a half-hour cameo piece against Wolverhampton Wanderers at Stamford Bridge. It wasn’t exactly a ‘sink or swim’ scenario, but the youngster excelled, delighting the home fans with his skills, pace and application. Surely, here was a home hero in the making.

In early December, another substitute appearance saw him come on for Joe Cole in a League Cup tie against Blackburn Rovers. The game went to penalties, and it was Kakuta, confident enough to take the decisive spot kick, who missed. Would that confidence be dented? It seemed not. A few days later, Ancelotti selected him to start the home Champions League game against APOEL. In a largely disappointing game for the fans, Kakuta was one of the few bright lights in a 2-2 draw. Later his manager would praise the player’s contribution in a game where his team hardly excelled. “The only positive of the night was Gaël Kakuta,” the Italian declared. “He played very well, he showed his fantastic talent. He trains very well every day and will be the future of Chelsea.”

Strangely enough, in those words of praise, were also the seeds of discontent for the player. He wanted to be the ‘present’ of Chelsea, not the ‘future’ and, lying in the same bed as ‘confidence’ is the inevitable bedfellow of ‘impatience and discontent.’ Failure to make any further first team appearances that term may have been regarded by the manager as sensible and patient, unwilling to rush the player’s development. The player and his advisors may well have seen it differently though.

On 11 September 2010, another late substitution saw Kakuta play his second Premier League game and four days later, he did the same in the Champions League against Zilina. Despite being competent enough, neither carried the sparkling displays of his earlier outings. The following week, he was selected to start a League Cup tie against West Ham. It’s unclear whether giving the youngster three games in such a short time was intended to  be some kind of reassurance that he was still part of the manager’s plans. If so, it seemed to fail and a poor first-half against the Hammers saw Ancelotti remove Kakuta during the break, regardless of any potential damage to his confidence. A game against Marseille in the Champions League saw him in first team duties again and, what appeared to be a mishit corner, turned into an assist for a John Terry goal.

There’s always a dilemma for managers encouraged to bring youngsters through to the first team. Their inevitably time-limited reigns – especially at Chelsea – means an understandable reluctance to take risks with untried talents, especially when more experienced reliable options are to hand, even if this means alienating potential future stars. This may well have been the situation with Gaël Kakuta, but it seemed that the youngster had received sufficient assurances that his future lay at the club when he agreed a new four-and-a-half year contract just ahead of Christmas 2010.

At the same time however, he expressed a dissatisfaction with his bench-warming role, and a desire for more first team football. A loan period with Fulham seemed to provide the answer for all parties. More first team action for the player. A chance for the Craven Cottage club to have the services one of the brightest young stars in the country, and Chelsea would receive a more mature player back at season’s end.

Of course things don’t always go as planned and when he returned to Chelsea, Kakuta had made a mere seven league outings for Fulham, many as a substitute, netting just a single goal. It’s quite possible he may have played more often had he stayed with his parent club. Was Fulham a good home for a precocious young player, blessed with skills? Everything is clear of course with 20-20 hindsight, but a club fighting against relegation with a no-nonsense manager like Mark Hughes at the helm, seems ill-fitting. In a ‘muck and nettles’ fight against relegation, fancy skills often appear an unaffordable luxury.

Having signed for Fulham in January, by April time things were looking likely to suggest the move may have been ill conceived, with the 19 year-old publicly pleading with Hughes for more game time. “We want to finish as high as we can and it’s my hope to be involved in more games as the season draws to an end,” he declared. “I’m enjoying my time at Fulham, where I feel I have improved as a player, and would love to play my part in what will be a strong finish to the season. The league is still very tight and I think it could be an exciting end to the season for a lot of clubs,” he added. Unfortunately the end of the season was somewhat less fulfilling than Kakuta had hoped for and he returned to Stamford Bridge a largely frustrated figure.

More in hope than anticipation perhaps, the next loan move in August 2011, saw Kakuta go to Bolton Wanderers on a deal lasting until the turn of the year. On 20 September, he made his debut in the League Cup against Aston Villa, and scored. It was downhill from there though. He made just four league appearances, without troubling the scoresheets. It’s perhaps not difficult to appreciate the state of mind of the erstwhile golden starlet when he returned to Stamford Bridge at the turn of the year. After a brief flirtation with success at Chelsea, his career had been shunted onto the sidings by a mixture of impatience and poor judgement by any number of parties. The move to England had been nothing short of a disaster.

With a perhaps understandable desire to move on from England, Kakuta’s next loan move was to Dijon on 11 January 2012, in a deal taking him to the end of the season. It would be an easy jibe to say that it didn’t cut the mustard. It would however also be largely accurate. As with his time at Bolton, things started brightly with a goal on his debut in a Coup de France encounter with Istres. Fourteen league games brought four goals, but it was less than totally convincing for Chelsea and now tied to the club until the end of his contract, and no potential buyers in sight, another loan move was the only realistic option.

Vitesse Arnhem had established a close – for some too close – relationship with Chelsea and were often regarded as a nursery club, taking on promising youngsters from Stamford Bridge and developing them before sending them back, or seeing them sold to other clubs. It’s been a well trodden path both before and since Kakuta moved to the Low Countries for a season-long loan in August 2012. Perhaps this was his chance, renewing the loan for a further season offered hope, but he was recalled by Chelsea in January 2014, only to be dispatched on another loan, this time to Serie A club, Lazio. Rumours suggested that the player had sought a higher level of football, deciding that Dutch Eredivisie football was doing little to further this career. Was it hubris or genuine desire to push himself in more testing conditions. A record of two goals in thirty-odd league games hardly suggested he was ripping up the Dutch league.

Guy Hillion, who had recommended Kakuta to Chelsea in such glowing terms was hardly impressed. “Frankly,” the disillusioned scout remarked. “I don’t know why he put an end to his stay with the Dutch club. It is a huge waste. I already said it and I repeat it, he is the most gifted player of his generation. He could have been exceptional. But talent is not enough. When you pile on failures and there is trouble in any club where you played, you have to ask the right questions and question yourself. There was Bolton, Fulham and Dijon too. You can’t manage everything in a player’s career. You can’t manage what is on his mind, his entourage or his family.” The ins and outs of why a player appears to go off the rails is often unclear to the average punter, but there’s more than a hint at a possible reason in Hillion’s remarks. He also clearly thought the move to Serie A was ill-advised.

Kakuta’s time in Rome only proved the scout to be correct. If playing football was the work  on offer, it was very much a ‘Roman Holiday.’ His time on the pitch amounted to two substitute appearances. Firstly, a period of 28 minutes against Ludogorets in the Europa League, and then just four minutes during his only Serie A match against Atalanta in March. There’s an old saying dating back to medieval times that ‘All roads lead to Rome.’ For Gaël Kakuta, the direction of travel was very much in the opposite direction as, unsurprisingly, Lazio declined any further interest in the player.

With just twelve months remaining on his contract, it was now clear that barring something magically unforeseen, there was little future for the player at Stamford Bridge, and any further loans would merely be marking time, or perhaps serving as a shop window to potential future employers, whilst Chelsea gained a loan fee.

Ahead of the 2014-15 season, Kakuta joined Real Vallecano, taking the chance to try his luck in Spain’s La Liga. Perhaps seeing it as a visit to the Last Chance Saloon, Kakuta stood his round and at the end of the season, he had played in 35 league games, scoring five times. It was far from the stellar seasons that his early promise had suggested he would be delivering by this stage in his career, but still represented the best return of his time as professional footballer.

It clearly impressed some Spanish clubs, and after he was released by Chelsea, he joined Sevilla, signing a four-year deal. Gaël Kakuta, once lauded as ‘the most gifted player of his generation’ was still less than 24 years-old. He had played for no less than seven clubs since joining Chelsea as a prodigious young talent and, as Guy Hillion had lamented, experienced “trouble in any club where you played” – except arguably at Rayo Vallecano. Twenty-three seems a ludicrously young age to consign dreams of grandeur and glory to the bin, but that’s what appeared to be the case – unless the warm welcoming Andalusian climate could rekindle the now dormant stardust in the player’s feet.

Kakuta seemed keen to talk up his chances. “If I’m here then it’s because of what I did last season (with Rayo),” he said at his official unveiling. “I hope to show my quality and perform even better than I did last year.” Sadly, it wasn’t to be and, with just two league appearances behind him, Sevilla appeared delighted to accept an offer of some £5million for the player from Chinese Super League club, Hebei China Fortune. It had been reported that as Kakuta was under 24 when he joined from Chelsea, despite being out of contract, a ‘development’ fee of £2.5million had been paid to the London club. After an unsuccessful period, Sevilla unsurprisingly snapped up the Chinese offer to double their outlay.

It was another chance for the player. A new club. A new league. A new country. Sad to see though, the outcome was anything but new. Twenty-four league games brought just two goals, and less than a year after moving to China, Kakuta passed a medical for yet another loan deal, this time moving back to Spain and Galician club, Deportivo de La Coruña, until the end of the 2016-17 season. Surely one of the clubs he had journeyed to would find the key to unlock Kakuta’s lost talent. A couple of goals in ten league appearances was hardly the worst of his returns, but patently not enough for the La Liga club to pursue any long-term interest. Hebei no longer had a place for him in their squad and so the much loaned player took on another club.

At first, French club Amiens SC announced that they had signed Kakuta on a long term deal, but after the Chinese club disputed the assertion, a loan was announced, and the wanderer returned to France. Ironically, given the location of his latest club, Kakuta had now officially  abandoned France as his national team, although, more likely it was the other way around. In 2017, he announced his allegiance to DR Congo in international football and as his many spells at Under-Age level had not lead to any full caps with Les Bleus, the move was accepted. At the time of writing Gaël Kakuta remains with Amiens, grammatically, a professional player with a past imperfect and a less than definitive future. It’s a sad denouement for a such a talent.

In the final of the 2010 U19 European Championships, it was Kakuta who supplied the cross for Alexander Lacazette, who would later feature in a big money move to Arsenal, to nod home the winning goal in the 3-2 victory over Spain. In a squad of future stars that also included Atletico Madrid’s Antoine Griezmann, it was however Kakuta who shone the brightest, both scoring and creating goals. He would be awarded the ‘Golden Player’ accolade by UEFA as the outstanding player in the tournament. At this time he was already beginning to make his way in Chelsea’s first team.

The future looked bright and Kakuta appeared set for a glittering career. As others in that French squad blossomed however, their star player faltered, and then fell back. Surely it wasn’t due to a lack of talent. Was it bad advice by his family and entourage, as some have suggested? Was it poor development by Chelsea, and a failure to harness his skills or, to borrow a phrase from horse-racing parlance, did he simply not ‘train on,’ a young talent that was doomed never to deliver on such early promise? Whatever the reason, or reasons, the story of Gaël Kakuta to date remains a cautionary tale about the development of young players, and the brightest of young stars that never truly shone.

(This All Blue Daze article was originally produced for the ‘These Football Times’ website).


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